• Prof. Purwiyatno Hariyadi: Double Burdens of Food Safety in Indonesia

    Food Security means that all people at all times have physical & economic access to adequate amounts of nutritious, safe, and culturally appropriate foods, which are produced in an environmentally sustainable and socially just manner, and that people are able to make informed decisions about their food choices. It is irrelevant whenever the quantity and quality of food is unsecure. 

    World food security conditions are worrying. On 2015 World Health Organization (WHO) reported that about two million people died due to the food insecurity. In the United States, due to the food insecurity five thousand people died, 76 million people fall ill and 325 thousand people had to be hospitalized annually.

    The food safety condition of Indonesia is still alarming.  Indonesia National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM - Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan) of Republik reported that every year food safety issues it has caused the deaths of more than 2,500 people and as many as 411 500 people sick. The statement was presented at the scientific oration by one of the Professor Chair holders of IPB (Bogor Agricultural University) on Food Safety, Prof.Dr Purwiyatno Hariyadi, of the Faculty of Agricultural Technology (FATETA-IPB), on Saturday, 29 August 2015, at Dramaga Campus, Bogor. His scientific oration on "Tantangan Ganda Keamanan Pangan di Indonesia: Peranan Rekayasa Proses Pangan (Double Challenges for  Food Safety in Indonesian: The Role of Food Process Engineering)", Prof. Purwiyatno stated that both domestic and global security challenges.  

    "Indonesia's food security situation hasn’t been changed, it is still remain the same as the time when I was admitted into the university around 80s. Food security is management problem. Small and Medium Industries (SMI), particularly the food industries are even more alarming.  Our society is exposed to potentially hazardous food, "he said.

    According to BPOM on the year 2001-2013, only 54% out of 1835 (one thousand eight hundred and thirty five) Home Industries (IRT) were registered and received their Perizinan Pangan Industri Rumah Tangga (PIRT - Food Industry Household Licenses)(survey in 2011). In 2012 the figure rose slightly to 59% and in 2013 to 67%. Thus, approximately 33% (a large number) of Home Industry has not been able to perform their food industry standard. The condition is so alarming as SMEs dominate the industrial structure of Indonesian food, 99% of them are small industries, the rest are large industrial. 

    However, when the IRT products had been selected as good quality products for export, they then were rejected by the targeted countries. There are various reasons for the rejection of products from Indonesia. Data in 2011-2014 shows that the USA records 1,451 (one thousand four hundred and fifty one rejections. The large refusal cases of the Indonesian products by USA are due to the fact that the United States is the largest trade partners of Indonesia. 

    "Thirty six percent (36%) of the rejections were due to the filth such as hair, insect legs, metal, glasses, and plastic pieces, whereas thirty percent (30%) were due to  because of salmonella. The European Union do not reject as much as the USA, it was about sixty four (64) cases. The reason, because European Union  is not Indonesian great partner. In European Union, our products were rejected due to micro toxins (mold, mildew). This is interesting as the USA and European Union are tightening their food safety standards, "he said.

    Accordingly, Indonesia has suffered the Double Burdens of Food Safety, namely the domestic as well as global food safety burdens. They have becomes the economy and public health burdens. 

    The first challenge will be, many of our SMEs do not have clean water facilities and their ingredients are not safe, so that the industry was forced to use materials that should not be used, but it is also human resources issues. Although these constraints may differ across sectors and regions, there are a number of common problems, including the lack of capital, human resources, technology and information; difficulties in procuring raw materials; weak marketing and distribution capacity; high transportation costs; cumbersome and costly bureaucratic procedures (particularly in obtaining licenses to operate); and policies and regulations that generate market distortions. All these are often referred to as external constraints to the growth of SMEs.

    The second challenge, following the recurrence of serious events of food contamination across the globe, food safety has become a matter of ever increasing international concern and the World Health Organization has defined foodborne diseases as a global public health challenge. Moreover, the need to comply with the stringent  international standards of food safety, and issue of "chasing zero". Another challenge is related to food adulteration, means an addition of another substance to a food item in order to increase the quantity of the food item in raw form or prepared form, which may result in the loss of actual quality of food item. 

    The dual challenges need to be responded by improvements of the national food safety system. Indonesia has a great moment with the Food Act No. 18/2012 About Food, namely the need to set up government institutions that handle the food sector which is under and responsible to the President. This institution should be used as the moment to reform of national food safety system including the possibility of the National Food Safety Authority. In addition, food process engineering also have an important role to provide solutions to the twin challenges of food security.

    Lastly, anyone who are engaged in food, either as researchers, industry, and regulators actually they have noble and strategic mission. They have to ensure the safety and the quality performances of their foods, which will affect the improvement of the health of the community for the improvement of their productivities.  (Wied)

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  • International Mobility Program

    Student mobility Program is offered to students of Food Technology Program to study in overseas universities or attend in any scientific events abroad in order to expose students to international academic environment. 

    Credit earning program
    This student earning program accommodates food technology student to partly study in other universities abroad as a reciprocal act of the Department’s acceptance of students from the partner institution. The Department is currently joining ASEAN-Japan international mobility program coordinated by the Directorate General of Higher Education in member countries. Students may study for a semester in universities in Thailand (Mae Fah Luang Univertsity , Katssesart University, Prince Songkla University), Malaysia (Universiti Putra Malaysia, University Teknologi Mara, University Sains Malaysia), Vietnam (Nong Lam University), and Japan (Tsukuba University, Sophia University, Ibararaki University and Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology). Through this program, the Department facilitates students to enroll in credit earning program for their major or elecetive courses. 

    Internship in Food Industry, Research Center or other Institutions
    Food technology students also may joins intership program in overseas food industries, research centers, govermental or non-govermental institutions.

    Participation in International Events
    Students participating in short courses, seminar, workshop, meeting, conferences, study visit and other types of gatjhering s will be acknowledged and awarded with academic credit or merit according to the Department’s procedure.

    Participation in Cultural, Arts and Sports Activities
    Students from the Department are supported to participate in cultural, arts and sports activities in foreign countries or other international institution that could enrich their soft skill.

    Program for Overseas Students
    The Department welcomes overseas students from similar areas to joint in our academic program. If you are interested to join to this student mobility program or full academic program, send your application to Head of Department of Food Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University.

    Further Information
    Further information of international mobility program of Department of Food Science and Technology, please contact Head of Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural University.

    Contact Person: Dr. Puspo Edi Giriwono (email: pegiriwono@gmail.com)

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  • Vision and Missions

    Vision
    The Department of Food Science and Technology - IPB has a vision to become a leading higher educational institution with international quality and as a trend setter in food science and technology.

    Missions
    The missions of the Department are as follows:

    1. Performing effectively and efficiently higher education program to produce competent and international quality graduates in the field of food science and technology.
    2. Conducting creative food-related research based on tropical commodities and phenomenon which support the educational process and development of food science and technology.
    3. Delivering outreach programs that contribute to the competitiveness of food industries in ensuring food security, food safety and its nutritional quality to improve the well being of the public.

    Objectives
    To achieve its vision and carry out the missions, the Department has the following objectives:

    1. Producing competent graduates in the field of food science and technology who are competitive in global markets with good technical, managerial, communication and entrepreneurial skills.
    2. Developing innovative, basic, applied and strategic research programs to support educational processes and support the development of food science and technology while coping with practical problems and challenges of the society.
    3. Implementing research findings from food science and technology into the society whilst enriching the educational process.

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  • Towards a Green Campus, IPB Limits Vehicles in Campus

    to realize the Green Campus program, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) will impose new policy, banning the use of all the vehicles air-fuel oil (BBM) on the scope or area of ​​IPB, DRAMAGA.This policy will apply to the entire campus community (employees and students) and also the guests who visited the IPB.

    Later or as a substitute for, the IPB provides bicycles, electric cars and gas-fueled buses to transport around IPB.

    Officially, this new policy will come into effect in October. However, as stated by the Director of Business and Partnership IPB, and Chairman of the Committee Anniversary IPB to -52, Meika Syahbana Rusly, the tests will be conducted for one month, skaligus as socialization efforts.

    "Tomorrow's opening coincided with the anniversary of IPB ke- 52, will be the launch of the Green Campus, in which the prohibition of the use of air-fuel vehicles in the Campus IPB," he said, today.

    Meika explained, this is the first Green Campus is the use of environmentally friendly transportation or movement of the person using or wearing a bike on campus. Second, the environment fueled vehicles, and buses made bajar mobillistrik gas.

    "There will be a ban on air-fuel cars, ranging from today's test try will be made until September. The ban is official, will be enacted in October,".

    As a support / support, IPB provide 1,500 bicycles, electric cars there are 44 units and for buses supplied 20 gas-fueled buses.

    "The bike will be used point to point. There shalter and special parking. Parking we provide three locations. The one we provide in the rear entrance and two dibpintu front entrance,".

    Meika mentioned, the implementation will be enforced system last cash or put on the card. "Tapcash. These cards will be used employee, student. Also for guests who come to the IPB," he said.

    For this program was not geratis or rather commercialized. Each cardholder must pay. "Employees do not pay because he serves, while for students because it is served so pay. For that is able to pay, just for underprivileged students do not. For the amount we are studying. For overall system subsidized IPB," he explained.

    Anniversary

    While the opening of the 52nd Anniversary will be held 1 September (tomorrow) new admissions multisastra unison. 52 new admissions force consisting of students of diploma, undergraduate students and students pascasarjana.Acara program will begin at 07:00 pm in the Field Dramaga Campus Gymnasium.

    This activity will involve as many as 4,000 students S1, S0 2200 students and 1750 graduate students.

    On September 2, the open session agenda (scientific papers). Speech and presentation material will be delivered scientifically by the Chairman of the Regional Representatives Council (DPD). The theme "Triumph Maritime IPB for Indonesia, at the Auditorium of Andi Hakim Nasution, Rector IPB, DRAMAGA.

    The series of anniversary activities continue. On September 3, his, will be held IPB Investment Summit. This event is an event business meeting to bring together potential business with IPB, with regard to the results of research and innovation that is ready for application / adopted commercially.

    "IPB will offer a presentation to investors. For that is proactive. At Hotel Sultan, Jakarta. The issue is change challenges become opportunities. From a sluggish economy to innovation-based economy. The event will be attended by about 300 people," said Meika.

    Another agenda of the circuit Anniversary IPB-52 continued on 4 to 6 September. On 4 to 6, will be held Agri Symphony. This event meliputu seminar Pimpi 2015, ISEE: Cultural Night, Festival Chicken Pelung National 2015, Animal Day, Mechanical Biosystems Fair, Open House 52, Gema Marine Fisheries, IPB's Awarding Night, IPB Serving, Gebyar archipelago, Competition Jingle Agri Syimphony, Competition Caricature and Competition Grafiffity. This event is focused on Dramaga Campus.

    On September 5, will be held the evening show appreciation, appreciation to the community of IPB works dihasilan innovation. The event titled Tribute to Innovator. A gala dinner and concert that will bring old singer Edit G Ade in IPB Intetnational Convention Center, Botanical Square. "It's more to reflection and travel IPB. That's why we give the theme" Reflection, Travel and Love ", seven years of IPB's number one producer of many innovative, award of the IP, IPB most most widely released the results of innovation is applied. And the IPB campus Best 3rd, after ITB and UGM, ".

    Then on September 5 to 6 will also be held People's Farmers Market and Healthy Morning Walk and Festival Campus.

    According to Sabrina, students of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FKH) IPB, which became one of the committee organizers, circuit Farmers Market participants Anniversary IPB involving farmers. Later there were 60 farmers who will sell their products. This event will be held in the Campus IPB Baranangsiang.

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Latest News

Towards a Green Campus, IPB Limits Vehicles in Campus

04 November 2015

to realize the Green Campus program, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) will impose new policy, banning the use of all the vehicles air-fuel oil (BBM) on the scope or area of ​​IPB, DRAMAGA.This policy will apply to the entire campus community (employees and students) and also the guests who visited the IPB.

Later or as a substitute for, the IPB provides bicycles, electric cars and gas-fueled buses to transport around IPB.

Officially, this new policy will come into effect in October. However, as stated by the Director of Business and Partnership IPB, and Chairman of the Committee Anniversary IPB to -52, Meika Syahbana Rusly, the tests will be conducted for one month, skaligus as socialization efforts.

"Tomorrow's opening coincided with the anniversary of IPB ke- 52, will be the launch of the Green Campus, in which the prohibition of the use of air-fuel vehicles in the Campus IPB," he said, today.

Meika explained, this is the first Green Campus is the use of environmentally friendly transportation or movement of the person using or wearing a bike on campus. Second, the environment fueled vehicles, and buses made bajar mobillistrik gas.

"There will be a ban on air-fuel cars, ranging from today's test try will be made until September. The ban is official, will be enacted in October,".

As a support / support, IPB provide 1,500 bicycles, electric cars there are 44 units and for buses supplied 20 gas-fueled buses.

"The bike will be used point to point. There shalter and special parking. Parking we provide three locations. The one we provide in the rear entrance and two dibpintu front entrance,".

Meika mentioned, the implementation will be enforced system last cash or put on the card. "Tapcash. These cards will be used employee, student. Also for guests who come to the IPB," he said.

For this program was not geratis or rather commercialized. Each cardholder must pay. "Employees do not pay because he serves, while for students because it is served so pay. For that is able to pay, just for underprivileged students do not. For the amount we are studying. For overall system subsidized IPB," he explained.

Anniversary

While the opening of the 52nd Anniversary will be held 1 September (tomorrow) new admissions multisastra unison. 52 new admissions force consisting of students of diploma, undergraduate students and students pascasarjana.Acara program will begin at 07:00 pm in the Field Dramaga Campus Gymnasium.

This activity will involve as many as 4,000 students S1, S0 2200 students and 1750 graduate students.

On September 2, the open session agenda (scientific papers). Speech and presentation material will be delivered scientifically by the Chairman of the Regional Representatives Council (DPD). The theme "Triumph Maritime IPB for Indonesia, at the Auditorium of Andi Hakim Nasution, Rector IPB, DRAMAGA.

The series of anniversary activities continue. On September 3, his, will be held IPB Investment Summit. This event is an event business meeting to bring together potential business with IPB, with regard to the results of research and innovation that is ready for application / adopted commercially.

"IPB will offer a presentation to investors. For that is proactive. At Hotel Sultan, Jakarta. The issue is change challenges become opportunities. From a sluggish economy to innovation-based economy. The event will be attended by about 300 people," said Meika.

Another agenda of the circuit Anniversary IPB-52 continued on 4 to 6 September. On 4 to 6, will be held Agri Symphony. This event meliputu seminar Pimpi 2015, ISEE: Cultural Night, Festival Chicken Pelung National 2015, Animal Day, Mechanical Biosystems Fair, Open House 52, Gema Marine Fisheries, IPB's Awarding Night, IPB Serving, Gebyar archipelago, Competition Jingle Agri Syimphony, Competition Caricature and Competition Grafiffity. This event is focused on Dramaga Campus.

On September 5, will be held the evening show appreciation, appreciation to the community of IPB works dihasilan innovation. The event titled Tribute to Innovator. A gala dinner and concert that will bring old singer Edit G Ade in IPB Intetnational Convention Center, Botanical Square. "It's more to reflection and travel IPB. That's why we give the theme" Reflection, Travel and Love ", seven years of IPB's number one producer of many innovative, award of the IP, IPB most most widely released the results of innovation is applied. And the IPB campus Best 3rd, after ITB and UGM, ".

Then on September 5 to 6 will also be held People's Farmers Market and Healthy Morning Walk and Festival Campus.

According to Sabrina, students of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (FKH) IPB, which became one of the committee organizers, circuit Farmers Market participants Anniversary IPB involving farmers. Later there were 60 farmers who will sell their products. This event will be held in the Campus IPB Baranangsiang.

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Prof. Nuri Andarwulan: Health by Consuming Vegetables

04 November 2015

West Java is one of the vegetable-producing provinces which has a quite real role in producing various kinds of vegetables in Indonesia. Inventory of indigenous vegetables in Bogor area produces 24 kinds of indigenous vegetables which are successfully collected at the site of University Farm-IPB. The vegetables are marigold, beluntas, white mangkokan, mangkokan, chinese kedondong leaves, etlingera, basil, katuk, antanan, antanan beurit,  pohpohan, leaves of ginseng or kolesom, purslane, turi flower, chives, takokak, moringa leaves, shoots of noni, violet, toli shad, pumpkin leaves, papaya flower, cashew shoots and fern leaves. 

“Our research shows that the phenol content of the extract of indigenous vegetable is proportional to antioxidant activity”. This was conveyed by Professor of Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural Technology (Fateta IPB), Prof. Dr. Nuri Andarwulan, in the press conference of pre scientific oration in the Meeting Room of Council of Trustees / Majelis Wali Amanah (MWA), Campus of IPB Baranangsiang Bogor, Thursday (23/4). 

In the material of speech which would be recited in Saturday (25/4), Prof. Nuri said almost all indigeneous vegetables had the potential of each as a source of certain compound which was known to have the physiological effects and the pharmacological active for health.

The content of total flavonoid which was the highest was marigold, followed by chinese kedondong, beluntas and others. The main flavonoid compounds identified in the indigenous vegetables were quercetin and kaempferol, and the highest content was found in katuk and marigold. Beluntas and marigold had the highest antioxidant activity. This research showed that katuk leaves, marigold, and beluntas were identified as the indigenous vegetables which were rich in flavonoid and antioxidant. 

“From the empirical observation, takokak is believed for the treatment of infection of the prostate gland. Prostate patients are encouraged to consume takokak unripe fruit as 10-15 fruits every morning and evening. We identify and manage to find the compounds of torvosida G, torvosida H, and torvosida A to be compounds which act as antibacterial in takokak fruit.  According to previous research, torvosida H is the active compound against herpes simplex virus type 1,” she said.

Other research showed that telang flower was able to demonstrate a good protection to the hull having pH 1-2 towards oxidation reaction which could lead to inflammation. The research result showed the quercetin glycosides and the anthocyanin ternatin of telang flower could be used as the ingredient of pharmaceuticals or nutraceuticals to the protection against the chronic inflammatory diseases by suppressing the production of pro-inflammatory mediators from the macrophages.

From the researches, the vegetables had been shown to provide a variety of health benefits. Increased consumption of vegetables correlated with the decreased risk of heart disease, stroke, arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and some types of cancer. 

“Consumption of vegetables and their products in the adult population in Bogor is around 97-246 grams per day. Besides, the vegetables are consumed by 71 percents of nursing mothers because it can increase the quantity and quality of breast milk (ASI). Among the vegetables consumed, katuk and spinach leaves are most popular followed by papaya leaves and flowers. However, this figure is still less than the recommended 400 grams per day,” she said.

Meanwhile, in the development of functional food of vegetables, Prof. Nuri and her team got a patent for “Proses Pembuatan Lembaran Berserat Tinggi dari Bahan Baku Ekstrak Wortel / High Fiber Sheet Making Process of Carrot Extract Raw Materials”. Carrot product sheet form above, was one example of the development of functional food products. The development of a variety of dishes from the leaves of ginseng had also bee provided. The potential of indigenous vegetables of West Java was according to the result of research associated with bioactive components and properties which were very large to be developed as the ingredient and or functional food.  (zul)

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Prof. Purwiyatno Hariyadi: Double Burdens of Food Safety in Indonesia

04 November 2015

Food Security means that all people at all times have physical & economic access to adequate amounts of nutritious, safe, and culturally appropriate foods, which are produced in an environmentally sustainable and socially just manner, and that people are able to make informed decisions about their food choices. It is irrelevant whenever the quantity and quality of food is unsecure. 

World food security conditions are worrying. On 2015 World Health Organization (WHO) reported that about two million people died due to the food insecurity. In the United States, due to the food insecurity five thousand people died, 76 million people fall ill and 325 thousand people had to be hospitalized annually.

The food safety condition of Indonesia is still alarming.  Indonesia National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM - Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan) of Republik reported that every year food safety issues it has caused the deaths of more than 2,500 people and as many as 411 500 people sick. The statement was presented at the scientific oration by one of the Professor Chair holders of IPB (Bogor Agricultural University) on Food Safety, Prof.Dr Purwiyatno Hariyadi, of the Faculty of Agricultural Technology (FATETA-IPB), on Saturday, 29 August 2015, at Dramaga Campus, Bogor. His scientific oration on "Tantangan Ganda Keamanan Pangan di Indonesia: Peranan Rekayasa Proses Pangan (Double Challenges for  Food Safety in Indonesian: The Role of Food Process Engineering)", Prof. Purwiyatno stated that both domestic and global security challenges.  

"Indonesia's food security situation hasn’t been changed, it is still remain the same as the time when I was admitted into the university around 80s. Food security is management problem. Small and Medium Industries (SMI), particularly the food industries are even more alarming.  Our society is exposed to potentially hazardous food, "he said.

According to BPOM on the year 2001-2013, only 54% out of 1835 (one thousand eight hundred and thirty five) Home Industries (IRT) were registered and received their Perizinan Pangan Industri Rumah Tangga (PIRT - Food Industry Household Licenses)(survey in 2011). In 2012 the figure rose slightly to 59% and in 2013 to 67%. Thus, approximately 33% (a large number) of Home Industry has not been able to perform their food industry standard. The condition is so alarming as SMEs dominate the industrial structure of Indonesian food, 99% of them are small industries, the rest are large industrial. 

However, when the IRT products had been selected as good quality products for export, they then were rejected by the targeted countries. There are various reasons for the rejection of products from Indonesia. Data in 2011-2014 shows that the USA records 1,451 (one thousand four hundred and fifty one rejections. The large refusal cases of the Indonesian products by USA are due to the fact that the United States is the largest trade partners of Indonesia. 

"Thirty six percent (36%) of the rejections were due to the filth such as hair, insect legs, metal, glasses, and plastic pieces, whereas thirty percent (30%) were due to  because of salmonella. The European Union do not reject as much as the USA, it was about sixty four (64) cases. The reason, because European Union  is not Indonesian great partner. In European Union, our products were rejected due to micro toxins (mold, mildew). This is interesting as the USA and European Union are tightening their food safety standards, "he said.

Accordingly, Indonesia has suffered the Double Burdens of Food Safety, namely the domestic as well as global food safety burdens. They have becomes the economy and public health burdens. 

The first challenge will be, many of our SMEs do not have clean water facilities and their ingredients are not safe, so that the industry was forced to use materials that should not be used, but it is also human resources issues. Although these constraints may differ across sectors and regions, there are a number of common problems, including the lack of capital, human resources, technology and information; difficulties in procuring raw materials; weak marketing and distribution capacity; high transportation costs; cumbersome and costly bureaucratic procedures (particularly in obtaining licenses to operate); and policies and regulations that generate market distortions. All these are often referred to as external constraints to the growth of SMEs.

The second challenge, following the recurrence of serious events of food contamination across the globe, food safety has become a matter of ever increasing international concern and the World Health Organization has defined foodborne diseases as a global public health challenge. Moreover, the need to comply with the stringent  international standards of food safety, and issue of "chasing zero". Another challenge is related to food adulteration, means an addition of another substance to a food item in order to increase the quantity of the food item in raw form or prepared form, which may result in the loss of actual quality of food item. 

The dual challenges need to be responded by improvements of the national food safety system. Indonesia has a great moment with the Food Act No. 18/2012 About Food, namely the need to set up government institutions that handle the food sector which is under and responsible to the President. This institution should be used as the moment to reform of national food safety system including the possibility of the National Food Safety Authority. In addition, food process engineering also have an important role to provide solutions to the twin challenges of food security.

Lastly, anyone who are engaged in food, either as researchers, industry, and regulators actually they have noble and strategic mission. They have to ensure the safety and the quality performances of their foods, which will affect the improvement of the health of the community for the improvement of their productivities.  (Wied)

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Prof. Slamet Budijanto: Analog Rice makes Food Diversification a Success

04 November 2015

Although many have studied analog rice of (rice-like product), Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) through F-Technopark has developed analog rice using an extrusion technology. Extrusion technology uses tween screw extruder with a specially designed dye. "Analog rice can be designed as needed. For example, for people with diabetes, it can be designed specifically to manage its processing condition and formula to obtain a low index of glichemics. In addition, another advantage is that the extruder machine we use is a local product from Tangerang," said a researcher of IPB, Dr. Slamet Budijanto in F-Technopark, Darmaga Campus of IPB (13/4). In some foreign countries such as China and the Philippines similar rice has been produced – from rice grouts to become whole rice for the need for fortified vitamin or certain mineral. However, IPB’s analog rice is made from local flour apart from rice and wheat. "The product is designed specifically to produce functional properties from local flours such as sorghum flour, sago, tubers; or can be added with various food ingredients such as fiber, antioxidants and others as desired," added Director of F-

Although many have studied analog rice of (rice-like product), Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) through F-Technopark has developed analog rice using an extrusion technology. Extrusion technology uses tween screw extruder with a specially designed dye.

"Analog rice can be designed as needed. For example, for people with diabetes, it can be designed specifically to manage its processing condition and formula to obtain a low index of glichemics. In addition, another advantage is that the extruder machine we use is a local product from Tangerang," said a researcher of IPB, Prof.Dr. Slamet Budijanto in F-Technopark, Darmaga Campus of IPB (13/4). In some foreign countries such as China and the Philippines similar rice has been produced – from rice grouts to become whole rice for the need for fortified vitamin or certain mineral. However, IPB’s analog rice is made from local flour apart from rice and wheat.

"The product is designed specifically to produce functional properties from local flours such as sorghum flour, sago, tubers; or can be added with various food ingredients such as fiber, antioxidants and others as desired," added Director of F-Technopark IPB. Cooking the analog rice is exactly the same as cooking ordinary rice, that is, you can use a rice cooker or conventional cooking. However, there is a little difference: no need to wash the rice, thus more practical and water-efficient. In addition, the analog rice is more durable, uses 100% local products and the nutritional value or content can even be adjusted.

"In my research I have done, the nutritional value of analog rice from sorghum and mocaf flour is higher than that of the ordinary rice – 378 energy (Calorie) per 100 grams of analog rice compared to 350 for ordinary rice," he added. However, there are still weaknesses in this product. Its color is not like ordinary rice. The grain of analog rice is brown, while the regular rice is white. The price is still expensive, around Rp. 9000 – Rp.14.000 depending on the ingredients used.

"The market we are targeting is certainly the middle class upward because they are more concerned with the functional properties and not so much with the price. The middle class downward usually have the view that if they can eat white rice this means they are non-poor. Further, if a person of the middle class downward eats sweet potatoes or corns, he will be viewed as having food shortage, whereas if rich people eat corn or a steak without rice, they receive no negative comments (a common thing). Therefore, we hope more and more rich people eat analog rice and others will do so." He explained.

In addition, this product can also be used as a means of diversification because in the long term if it goes into mass production (production costs will go down), then it can be consumed by all levels of society. (Mtd)

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